Guide to Laws for Students in California
This is a guide to laws related to the education of students of all ages in California, including pre K, preschool, kindergarten, K12, and college. FYI, many of the laws refer to students as “pupils,” but it’s the same as student.
Are students allowed to protest on campus?
Yes. See our Guide to Free Speech for more.
Are students allowed to make obscene or offensive speech or expression?
No, not at a school-sponsored event. See our Guide to Free Speech for more.
What are my rights against bullying or harassment in school?
You have the right to protection against bullying in school. School officials even have the authority to discipline cyber bullies, whether the bullying takes place on campus or off campus. See our Guide to Harassment for more.
Can Black students be forced to wear their hair a certain way?
No, under a new California law (The Crown Act), students have the right to wear their hair in a natural way, including dreadlocks and afros.
Does an internship need to be paid?
An internship can be unpaid in certain circumstances. See our Guide to Internships.
Can students be denied lunch if their parents haven’t paid the lunch bill?
No. Under the Child Hunger Prevention and Fair Treatment Act of 2017 (actually passed in 2019), a student may not be denied a meal (through the National School Lunch Program or School Breakfast Program) of the student’s choice because of the fact that the student’s parent or guardian has unpaid meal fees. The school must also ensure that the student is not shamed or treated differently from other students.1SB 265 (2019)
When can students be expelled or suspended from school?
A student may not be suspended from school or recommended for expulsion, unless the superintendent of the school district or the principal of the school determines that
the student has committed certain acts. This may include disrupting school activities or otherwise willfully defying the valid authority of supervisors, teachers, administrators, school officials, or other school personnel engaged in the performance of their duties.
Students in kindergarten or grades 1 through 3 (and starting July 2020, 4th and 5th grades; and July 2020 through July 2025, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades) may not be suspended. Students in kindergarten or grades 1 through 12 may not be recommended for expulsion.
See all Legal Guides